Skin is the largest organ in our bodies and since it is found outside our bodies, it is quite vulnerable to get attacked from both the outside and inside. The sun is the major cause of common skin issues. Allergies from contact with harmful or harmless things, from as large as a plant leaf to as small as a pollen grain could trigger our bodies to react causing development of serious skin conditions. Skin conditions are not just limited to what the skin comes into contact with, but also what we eat, so diet is also quite important. The eight common skin conditions include the following.
- Surprise freckles
Freckles are little dark or brown spots on the skin that are caused by exposure of excessive sunlight. When the sun’s powerful rays gets into contact with our skins, the skin responds with a defense. Our skins have pigment producing cells called melanocytes. These melanocytes produce melanin pigment and feed it to keratinocytes, the skin cells that form the outer barrier of our skin. These keratinocytes protect us from the rays of the sun. When the melanocytes get damaged supply of melanin to keratinocytes is hindered and thus the surprise freckles develop which is basically the collection of melanin in the skin. The melanins are packed in an abnormal way as compared to the normal melanin package.
There two types of freckles: the sunburn freckles that are often darker with irregular edges and tend to develop on the shoulders and upper back where the sunburns are severe. The other is simple freckles which are usually small, tan and rounded.
Protection from severe sunshine and the regular use of sunscreen help in suppressing the appearance of freckles.
- Perma blushing
The scientific name of Perma blushing is rosacea which is essentially a chronic rash that results in red, dome shaped spots due to excess sebum production. Sebum is an oily matter secreted by the sebaceous gland in the skin to waterproof and lubricate the skin. They occur in greatest number on the face and scalp. The common causes of perma blushing include excessive sun exposure, cold weather, alcohol, hot baths, spicy foods and stress.
Rosacea is treated by intense pulsed light treatments which improves appearance and keeps flare-ups to a minimum by delivering light through the skin’s surface. Tropical creams or oral antibiotics also cure the condition. V-beam laser (which uses cooling spray to help reduce discomfort during treatment) and phototherapy rapidly improve redness, broken capillaries
- Super dry patches
These are dry patches scientifically known as eczema. They are one of the most common skin conditions. It is caused by a variety of reasons which include extreme cold or hot weather, poor diet, allergens and genetics. It is common condition in cold months when the skin’s protective barrier has broken down causing dehydration.
Dry inflamed bumps are caused by lack of water which leads to a loss of moisture in the deeper layers of the skin. This causes a gap in the skin cells for bacteria to pass and lead to extreme irritation a dryness of the skin. Basic lotions will treat the top layer but the deeper layer awaits moisture. Butter, oil and sea salt usually help treat eczema. Butter heals the scar and restores moisture, oil is basically a moisturizer and sea salt is an excellent exfoliator to help remove the dead, damaged skin.
However it is important to know dry skins can also be a sign of an omega-3 fatty acid deficiency. Thus there is need to focus on more foods that are rich in omegas for your diet.
- Major breakouts
Scientifically know as acne is a skin diseases associated with high stress and hormones due to menstrual cycle. They often develop around lower face and neck. Acne is caused by the overproduction of oil, blocked hair follicles that don’t allow oil to leave the pore leading to clogged pores and growth of bacteria inside the hair follicles. Stress triggers stress hormones including cortisol that stimulate oil glands to make testosterone that increase oil production and clogs pores. Spicy food that contains acidic lycopene can be irritating to some people thus rise in pH level of their skin triggering breakouts. Some lotions that contain mineral oil may clog the pore thus use “noncomedogenic” lotions to avoid this.
- Red patches
Also known Psoriasis is an autoimmune disorder where the immune system sends signals to the skin to grow its cells quickly usually ten times faster than normal. The skin thus doesn’t shed cells fast enough. The cells thus pile up on the skin’s surface causing red plaques or thickened skin with slivery scales. Psoriasis typically occurs on the knees, elbows and scalp. It can also affect the palms, torso and soles of the feet.
Topical creams and light skin therapy (ultraviolet light treatment) for lager areas of your body will help in treating this skin disorder.
Paleness of the skin could be a sign of anemia if it’s accompanied with lack of energy and shortness of breath (Jaliman, 2016). Anemia is caused by lack of enough healthy red blood cells. Hemoglobin is a part of the red blood cells that binds with oxygen. Thus less hemoglobin will result in low oxygen for the cells in your body. This leads to fatigue since organs are not functioning well. Menstruation and increase in blood supply demands during pregnancy makes women susceptible to iron deficiency. Poor diet and hereditary may also result in anemia.
- Dark patches
Basically develop on the neck, under the arms and on the inner thighs. This is a condition called acanthosis nigricans. It is characterized by areas of dark and velvet discoloration in body folds and creases. It is accompanied by thickened skins on the affected areas. This condition can be a sign of insulin resistance in the body. It typically occurs in people with obese or diabetes 2. Keeping your glucose in check through exercise and proper diet will help resolve this condition.
- Extreme itchiness
Skin itchiness can be brought about by a couple of reasons, however the most common one is due to an allergic reaction to food, change in environment or medication. The itchiness is because of the immune system response. When you first eat the offending food protein the immune system responds by creating specific disease fighting antibodies (immunoglobulin E). When you eat the food again, the antibodies spring into action releasing large amounts of histamine in an effort to expel the foreign matter from the body. This may results in skin itchiness and development of rashes among other symptoms. In case of allergy due to contact, the immune system sends out allergen to point of contact to help fight of the invader. This results in red, itchy rash.
The best treatments are prevention as well as avoid scratching upon itching. Antibiotic creams, ointments, oatmeal baths and cold compresses will help relieve itching and prevent swelling.
To protect ourselves from such skin conditions, it is important to ensure our skins are always moisturized, protected from intense sunlight and stay away from allergic materials. Use of proper oil that leave the skin pores unclogged is important as well watching what we eat.